The history of Chilean wine goes back to the 16th century and the time of the Spanish conquest. The first vines were planted at that time from stock brought on ships from Spain.

The winemaking industry has seen great changes over time, however. First, fine European stock was introduced in the middle of the 19th century. Then major technological advances came in the 1980s, followed by a tremendous surge in exports of Chilean wine in the past 20 years. All this forms the backdrop to the development of what is now a prosperous industry.

It is worth noting that Chile and Cyprus are the only countries that are free of philoxera, a virus which wiped out vineyards in Europe at the end of the 19th century.

Varieties planted in Chile

Red Varieties White Varieties
  Cabernet Sauvignon   Chardonnay
  Merlot   Sauvignon Blanc
  Carménère   Semillón
  Cabernet Franc   Gewürztraminer
  Syrah   Riesling
  Pinot Noir   Chenin Blanc
  Malbec   Torontel
  Carignan   Moscatel
Red grape harvest
From the middle of March until the end of April.
White grape harvest
From the last week in February until the middle of March.

(includes varieties information)